Submitting patches

A majority of current maintainers prefer the Github pull request model, and this motivated moving the primary git repository to https://github.com/ostreedev/ostree.

However, we do not use the "Merge pull request" button, because we do not like merge commits for one-patch pull requests, among other reasons. See this issue for more information. Instead, we use an instance of Homu, currently known as cgwalters-bot.

As a review proceeds, the preferred method is to push fixup! commits via git commit --fixup. Homu knows how to use --autosquash when performing the final merge. See the Git documentation for more information.

Alternative methods if you don't like Github (also fully supported):

  1. Send mail to ostree-list@gnome.org, with the patch attached
  2. Attach them to https://bugzilla.gnome.org/

It is likely however once a patch is ready to apply a maintainer will push it to a github PR, and merge via Homu.

Commit message style

Please look at git log and match the commit log style, which is very similar to the Linux kernel.

You may use Signed-off-by, but we're not requiring it.

Running the test suite

OSTree uses both make check and supports the Installed Tests model as well (if --enable-installed-tests is provided).

Coding style

Indentation is GNU. Files should start with the appropriate mode lines.

Use GCC __attribute__((cleanup)) wherever possible. If interacting with a third party library, try defining local cleanup macros.

Use GError and GCancellable where appropriate.

Prefer returning gboolean to signal success/failure, and have output values as parameters.

Prefer linear control flow inside functions (aside from standard loops). In other words, avoid "early exits" or use of goto besides goto out;.

This is an example of an "early exit":

static gboolean
myfunc (...)
{
    gboolean ret = FALSE;

    /* some code */

    /* some more code */

    if (condition)
      return FALSE;

    /* some more code */

    ret = TRUE;
  out:
    return ret;
}

If you must shortcut, use:

if (condition)
  {
    ret = TRUE;
    goto out;
  }

A consequence of this restriction is that you are encouraged to avoid deep nesting of loops or conditionals. Create internal static helper functions, particularly inside loops. For example, rather than:

while (condition)
  {
    /* some code */
    if (condition)
      {
         for (i = 0; i < somevalue; i++)
           {
              if (condition)
                {
                  /* deeply nested code */
                }

                /* more nested code */
           }
      }
  }

Instead do this:

static gboolean
helperfunc (..., GError **error)
{
  if (condition)
   {
     /* deeply nested code */
   }

  /* more nested code */

  return ret;
}

while (condition)
  {
    /* some code */
    if (!condition)
      continue;

    for (i = 0; i < somevalue; i++)
      {
        if (!helperfunc (..., i, error))
          goto out;
      }
  }